The precise voluntary carbon market worth is $2 billion


The actual worth of the voluntary carbon market is now round $2 billion, with rising worth traits for ~170 varieties of carbon credit in line with a latest Ecosystem Market (EM) report.

EM, a Forest Tendencies initiative, has been monitoring and reporting on the standing of VCM since 2006.

His newest briefing exhibits that the present VCM is approx. $2 billion, and about that 500 million carbon credit was traded in the identical yr, surpassing the earlier EM report 66%,

Moreover, world costs are trending upward 60% Larger in 2021 ($4.0) than in 2020 ($2.5).

Lastly, EM acknowledged that there are over 170 varieties of carbon credit underneath 8 classes traded in 2020-2021.

International Voluntary Carbon Market Costs and Costs

The way forward for voluntary carbon markets (VCMs) appears vibrant as extra curiosity and investments are poured into carbon initiatives. As well as, world local weather and sustainability targets are driving file excessive demand.

EM’s final partial yr report indicated that the VCM worth is approx. $1 billion, However its latest and final transient states that the precise market worth is approx. $2 billion,

The chart exhibits VCM measurement based mostly on the worth of traded carbon credit from pre-2005 to the top of 2021. The full or cumulative worth of the market is reached $8 billion.

VCM Market Value

Equally, world carbon credit score costs are additionally trending upward.

  • Annual world common worth per ton went up From $2.5 in 2020 to $4.0 in 2021. It is a couple of. represents 60% A rise to some extent by no means seen since 2013.

Among the many eight classes of carbon credit, initiatives with non-carbon advantages have increased costs.

Non-carbon advantages seek advice from the co-benefits {that a} sure venture supplies. Examples are local people help and biodiversity conservation.

With the Sustainable Growth Targets, co-benefits are both built-in into carbon requirements from the outset or bolted on to carbon credit score initiatives with validated GHG emission discount/elimination.

Notably, initiatives underneath the gold customary (one of many key carbon requirements) noticed a 35% enhance in worth from 2020 ($3.7) to 2021 ($5.0).

Plan Vivo additionally registered the next worth hike of 15% for a similar interval. The majority of its transaction quantity, 79%, was from initiatives underneath the class of forestry and land use (afforestation, afforestation, and reforestation or ARR).

The most typical co-benefit certification requirements in use as we speak are the CCB (Local weather, Group and Biodiversity) requirements. It’s an add-on to the Verified Carbon Normal (VCS) carbon credit score that jumped as much as 277% in quantity.

The desk under exhibits the overall VCM transaction quantity, worth and worth by class, evaluating the outcomes for 2020 and 2021.

Voluntary Carbon Market Prices and Prices

Sorts and classes of project-specific carbon credit

As VCM matures, increasingly members – venture builders, buyers, patrons, regulators, and many others. – are shaping how the market works. They offer numerous traits and definitions to project-specific carbon credit.

As such, EM tried to simplify issues by giving an official Mission ID for traded carbon credit score information. That is necessary in order that these traits could be verified by the carbon customary that issued the credit score.

The Forest Tendencies initiative additionally up to date its carbon offset venture typology within the first quarter of 2022. These updates allowed EM to broaden its checklist of venture varieties, overlaying 170+ initiatives.

  • All venture varieties are then rolled-up into 60 venture teams and additional narrowed down into 8 venture classes.

The picture exhibits 8 classes of EM with particular examples of initiatives.

EM Carbon Project Categories

One other notable consequence reported by EM is that venture exclusivity in enterprise reporting goes with increased voluntary carbon market costs and costs.

Because of this carbon credit that have been cross-referenced with carbon requirements registries price greater than those who weren’t. Cross-referencing includes offering project-specific metrics for credit, similar to venture names or IDs.

Most apparently, the report recommended that VCM prefers to purchase and promote carbon credit by bilateral offers between venture builders and finish patrons.

This solely exhibits that there’s a rising alternative for venture builders to reply to company requests for proposals.

However through the years, intermediaries and digital spot buying and selling exchanges started to re-emerge in VCM.

Futures exchanges (similar to CME Group) are working with spot exchanges (similar to CTX and ACX) to develop standardized contracts for particular venture traits.

As extra gamers and cash are pouring into the voluntary carbon market, its worth will increase much more.



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